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Library > Cichlids > General Articles > Taxonomy of Cichlids > Sub Family Cichlasomatinae > Genus Andinoacara
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Genus Andinoacara  
       
Scientific classification
     
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Chordata
Class : Actinopterygii
Order : Perciformes
Suborder : Labroidei
Family : Cichlidae
Sub Family :
Genus :
Subfamilies

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

Andinoacara is a South American genus of fish in the family Cichlidae.

Taxonomy

The genus Andinoacara was described by the Czech scientists MUSILOVÁ, RÍCAN & NOVÁK in 2009.
Before this the members of Andinoacara were placed in the "catch-all" genus Aequidens although they are not closely related to the other members of this genus.

The genus name Andinoacara is formed by two words "Andino" and "Acara".
Andino refers to Andes Mountain Chain in South America, these cichlids are found on the slopes of Andes mountains and in the valley formed by three arms of Northern Andes.
The term "Acara" has been used historically for Cichlids.

So the term Andinoacara literally means "Cichlids from Mountain Andes".

Description

Species of Andinoacara are characterized by blue or green iridescent stripes on the side of the head and usually a slanting horizontal dark band along the side somewhat dorsally(upper side).

There is a dark blotch at the base of the caudal fin situated at the middle of the base.
It is relatively small and only indistinctly ocellated if at all.

This sets them apart from genus Aequidens in which blue lines on the side of the head are rare, the lateral band is usually horizontal, and the caudal fin blotch is distinctly ocellated and situated on the dorsal half.

The colour pattern of Andinoacara is thus more reminiscent of the colour pattern in the genera Bujurquina and Tahuantinsuyoa Kullander, 1986, with which they also share a uniserial predorsal scale pattern.

Distribution & Habitat:

The genus Andinoacara is restricted to freshwater habitats in

  • Northwestern South America: Trinidad and the Orinoco Basin west to the Pacific coast of South America as far south as Peru

  • Southern Central America: Costa Rica and Panama.

There are no members of the genus in the Amazon Basin.

 

SPECIES:

Two species group are recognized under this genus. (Kullander 1998)

Andinoacara pulcher group:

Andinoacara rivulatus group:

 
         
SPECIES SNAPSHOT
 
     
Scientific Name :
Andinoacara blombergi
   
Common Name :
Andinoacara blombergi
Origin :
Esmeraldas basin,South America,AMERICA
Habitat :
benthopleagic
Diet :
Carnivore
Breeding: Substrate Spawner
Standard Length: 4.5 "
Total Length: 6"
   
   
   
     
     
Scientific Name :
Andinoacara rivulatus
   
Common Name :
Andinoacara rivulatus
Origin :
South America: Pacific slope from the Esmeraldas River in Ecuador to the Tumbes River in Peru.,South America,AMERICA
Habitat :
benthopleagic
Diet :
Carnivore
Breeding: Substrate Spawner
Standard Length: 5.5"
Total Length: 8 .5"
   
   
   
     
     
Scientific Name :
Andinoacara stalsbergi
   
Common Name :
Green terror
Origin :
South America: trans-andean rivers and lakes at the Peruvian Pacific coast.,South America,AMERICA
Habitat :
benthopleagic
Diet :
Carnivore
Breeding: Substrate Spawner
Standard Length: 5.5"
Total Length: 8.5"
   
   
   
     
     
Scientific Name :
Andinoacara pulcher
   
Common Name :
Blue Acara
Origin :
Central and South America: Trinidad and Venezuela.,South America,AMERICA
Habitat :
benthopleagic
Diet :
Carnivore
Breeding: Substrate Spawner
Standard Length: 5.0 "
Total Length: 6.5 "
   
   
   
     
     
Scientific Name :
Andinoacara biseriatus
   
Common Name :
Andinoacara biseriatus
Origin :
South America: Atrato, San Juan and Baudó River basins in Colombia,South America,AMERICA
Habitat :
benthopleagic
Diet :
Carnivore
Breeding: Substrate Spawner
Standard Length: 3.5 "
Total Length: 4.8 "
   
   
   
     
     
Scientific Name :
Andinoacara coeruleopunctaus
   
Common Name :
Mojarra
Origin :
Central America: Atlantic slope of Panama and Pacific slope of Costa Rica (Coto River).,South America,AMERICA
Habitat :
benthopleagic
Diet :
Carnivore
Breeding: Substrate Spawner
Standard Length: 5.6 "
Total Length: 7.6"
   
   
   
     
     
Scientific Name :
Andinoacara sapayensis
   
Common Name :
Gold Acara
Origin :
South America: Pacific slope, in the Cayapas River drainage in northwestern Ecuador.,South America,AMERICA
Habitat :
benthopleagic
Diet :
Carnivore
Breeding: Substrate Spawner
Standard Length: 5.0 "
Total Length: 6.5"
   
   
   
     
AUTHOR    
Sandeep Raghuvanshi    
     

REFERENCES

   
Sven O. Kullander: Cichlid fishes of the Amazon River drainage of Peru of the Amazon River drainage of Peru,1986,Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Research Division, Swedish Museum of Natural History, S-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden ISBN : ISBN 91-86510-04-5
Sven O. Kullander: Check List of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America,, ISBN :
Zunzana Musilova: Phylogeny of the Neotropical cichlid fish tribe Cichlasomatini (Teleostei: Cichlidae) based on morphological and molecular data, with the description of a new genus,2008,J Zool Syst Evol Res doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2009.00528.x ISBN :