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Sub Family Etroplinae
Scientific classification
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Chordata
Class : Actinopterygii
Order : Perciformes
Suborder : Labroidei
Family : Cichlidae
Sub Family : Etroplinae



Etroplinae is a subfamily in the cichlid family of fishes.

The subfamily includes two genera:

  • Etroplus : Etroplus are the only cichlids which are native to India and Sri Lanka, Asia .

  • Paretroplus : Cichlids belonging to genus Paretroplus are native to Madagascar, Africa.

A remarkable features of this family, is the development of the front part of the gas bladder and corresponding changes to the posterior of the neurocranium(back part of the skull and houses the brain) to create a direct connection between the gas bladder and inner ear .
This feature is not seen in any other Cichlid families.
This allows fish of this genus to have remarkable hearing power.



Etroplus: Etroplus is a small genus of cichlids which are native to India and Sri Lanka.

These are the only cichlids which are native in these countries.
They inhabit freshwater as well as brackish water.

The genus name is derived from the words 'etron' meaning belly and 'oplon' for arms.
This refers to the spines that are present on the anal fin, i.e the long spinous anal-fin..

There are 3 recognized species in this Genus



Paretroplus :

Paretroplus is a genus of cichlids which are endemic to lakes and rivers of Madagascar.

Most fish in this genus are threatened and mostly restricted to northwestern parts of island.

These cichlids are mostly restricted to freshwater but at least two species are found in brackish water also.

They are closely related to Asian cichlids- Etroplus

The genus name is derived from two words 'para' and 'etroplus', and the name 'paretroplus' literally means 'next to etroplus'.

At present 13 species are recognized in this genus.




  Sandeep Raghuvanshi

Francis Day:The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma,1889, ISBN :

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors:Fishbase, World Wide Web electronic, version (10/2013),2013, ISBN :

ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System,,, ISBN :

John S. Sparks:Phylogeny of the Cichlid subfamily Etroplinae and the Taxonomic revision of the Malagasy Cichlid Genus Paretroplus,2008, ISBN :

Purnesh Kumar Talwar,Arun G Jhingran:Inland Fishes of India and Adjacent Countries, Voi-1 & 2,, ISBN :