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Aequidens potaroensis

Oscar
Aequidens potaroensis
Image Credit: wikipedia

Introduction



Aequidens potaroensis is a medium size fish of about 4 " found in Essequibo River basin, Guyana, South America.


Taxonomy

(Click for details of Cichlid taxonomy)

Aequidens potaroensis was first described by Eigenmann, 1912 is placed in Genus Aequidens and subfamily Cichlasomatinae.
The Genus name "Aequidens" is derived from Latin words, aequus+equal+dens(teeth), which roughly translates to "Fish with equal teeth".


Description

Aequidens potaroensis is a medium fish with standard length about 4 ".
It has a typical tri serial pre dorsal arrangement of scales of Aequidens with E1 scales 25 or 26.
It is known to live for 8-10 years.


Distribution & Habitat

Aequidens potaroensis is found in South america, Essequibo River basin, Guyana.
It has been collected from fast flowing black water streams.
The fish is benthopelagic or swims above river/stream bed at depths of about 1-3 m in black water rivers.


Diet

It is a carnivorous in nature, and eats small fish, deitrus .



Keeping in Aquarium




Water Parameters

Aequidens potaroensis is found in black water streams of Essequibo River basin, Guyana, with a ph of 4.5-6 and dh range 3-9.



Tank Size and setup:


Aequidens potaroensis are medium sized fish and should be kept in a aquarium of about 300 liters with good filtration.
A sand bed of fine sand and many shelters with rocks and driftwood are ideal for this fish.
They are not very aggressive but can be very aggressive to others of same species.
At breeding time the aggression increases.
Small fish should not be kept with them as it will be eaten.


Breeding:


Aequidens potaroensis are dimorphic, and reach sexual maturity in about 9-11 months.
They lay eggs on flat surfaces and practice brood care.
Both parents take care of eggs and larvae.
The females are smaller and will clean a piece of flat rock and lay 500-600 eggs.
The eggs will hatch after 2-3 days and fry will be free swimming within a week.
Fry can be fed brine shrimp.
The pair will be ready to breed again if the fry are removed early.



Species Snapshot

Species Card


Particulars Details
Scientific Name Aequidens potaroensis
Common Name Aequidens potaroensis
Genus Aequidens
Subfamily Cichlasomatinae
Geographical Origin Essequibo River basin, Guyana
Diet Carnivore
Gender Differences Dimorphic
Breeding Substrate Spawner
Temperament Aggessive
Con Specific Temperament Mildly Aggressive
Water hardness Soft, dh range 3-9
Difficulty Level in Aquariums 3


Morphometric Data


Particulars Details
Total Length(inches)
Standard Length(inches)

Measurements as % of Total Length


Particulars Details
Body Depth  %
Head length  %
Pre Dorsal length  %
Pre Pectoral length  %
Pre Anal length  %
Pre Pelvic length  %
Caudal Peduncle Depth  %
Caudal Peduncle Length  %
Fork length  %
Length of Last Dorsal Fin Spine  %
Pectoral Fin Length  %
Pelvic Fin Length  %

Measurements as % of Head Length


Particulars Details
Head Width  %
Snout length  %
Eye diameter  %
Pre Orbital Length  %
Inter Orbital Width  %
Pre Orbital Depth  %



How to use the Web site


Aquaticnation.org presents articles on various interests to aquarists. Following general articles are provided.

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